Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A (Biologie)

Herausgeber:

Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Rosenstein 1, D-70191 Stuttgart

Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Nr. 704 | 75.7 Abb. Stuttgart, 10. IV. 2007

Two new species of Sıphona Meigen (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Sardinia and Morocco

PIERFILIPPO CERRETTI & HANs-PETER TSCHORSNIG

Abstract

Two new tachinid species (Diptera: Tachinidae), Siphona nuragica n.sp. from Sardinia and S. maroccana n.sp. from Morocco, are described. Both species can be separated from other West Palaearctic Siphona by their wide parafacials and genae. Keywords: Tachinidae, Siphona, Sardinia, Morocco.

Zusammenfassung

Zwei neue Raupenfliegen (Diptera: Tachinidae), Siphona nuragica n. sp. von Sardinien und S. maroccana n. sp. aus Marokko, werden beschreiben. Beide Arten können durch die breiten Wangen und das hohe Peristom von anderen westpaläarktischen Siphona unterschieden wer- den.

Contents Tit EI VD I een 1 2: Deseripnomot Sıphonanurapica n.5P eurer en Sr Bu ee 2 3 „Description ol Siphonamaroccana RSP SIT SEN an salz 5 2 „Difterential.d1agn 081 Er ee ee 6 SöReterengest cle ver seat Pr ae en ee re 7

1 Introduction

The genus Siphona can be easily recognized by its long and slender proboscis which is folded back in resting position and by its specialized labellar structure (compare ANDERSEN 1996). 25 species were known from the Palaearctic region; the- re was only one species (S. geniculata De Geer, 1776) recorded from Sardinia and Morocco, see Mason et al. (2006) and ANDERSEN (l. c., as S. urbana).

Recent collections in Sardinia and Morocco yielded two new species of Siphona with wide parafacials and high genae. At least the first character was unknown befo- re in West Palaearctic species of the genus Siphona (see figures 3, 134-152 of AN- DERSEN 1996). There are two species of Nearctic distribution, S. /uvida Reinhard, 1943 and S. intrudens (Curran, 1932) which have similar parafacials and genae (see fi-

2 STUTTGARTER BEITRÄGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 704

gures 20, 21, 41, 44 of O’Hara 1982), but the combination of other characters is dif- ferent: S. lurida (which is also known from Japan) has a stronger thickened palpus with infuscate apex, three brown vittae on the thorax and weak setulae on the para- facial; S. intrudens has large tarsal claws and the lateral marginal bristles on syntergi- te 1+2 weak.

The descriptions below do not repeat the uniform characters of the well-known genus Siphona (cf. ANDERSEN 1982, 1996; O’Hara 1982). No preparation was made of the genitalia of the single male of S. maroccana n. sp. to avoid further damage of this specimen which is in bad condition, but which can easily be distinguished from other Siphona by its external morphology.

Measurements in the present paper follow the standards proposed by ANDERSEN (1982, fig. 1), which differ from TscHorsNIG & HERTING (1994, fig. 10) in several re- spects.

Acronyms of depositories

CNBF Insect collection of Centro Nazionale Biodiversita Forestale, Verona, Italy MZUR Museum of Zoology, Universita degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy PC Collection of P. CERRETTI, Verona, Italy

SMNS Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Stuttgart, Germany

Acknowledgements

The first author is indebted to Dr. FRANCO Mason (Verona) for making the research work in Sardinia possible, and to Dr. DaNtEL WHITMORE (Mantua) who collected the specimens from Sardinia. The second author is grateful to Dr. MırosLAv BARTAK (Prague) and Dr. Mar- TIN Hauser (Sacramento, USA) for the donation of the material from Morocco.

2 Description of Siphona nuragica n.sp.

Material

Holotype (6). Italy, Sardinia, Medio Campidano, Villacidro, Rio Cannisoni, 375 m, UTM 32 S 0468713 4362692, 24.III.2006, leg. D. WHITMORE, M. BARDIANI, D. BIRTELE & P. CORNACCHIA (MZUR).

Paratypes. 246d, 12, same data as holotype (MZUR, CNBF). - 1 2, same data, but 25.11.2006 (PC). - 14, 4 22, same island and same collectors, Carbonia-Iglesias, Iglesias, Vecchia Cartiera [= Cantoniera] Marganai, 491m, UTM 32 S 0462272 4354677, 20.111.2006 (MZUR, SMNS). 1 2, same data as before, but 23.111.2006 (MZUR). - 1 ?, same data as be- fore, but 25.III.2006 (MZUR).

The specimens were caught while flying slowly near shrubby vegetation (mainly Cistus spp.) in open areas within a large Quercus ilex forest ecosystem.

Etymology

The adjective “nuragica” indicates the ancient Bronze Age Sardinian civilization that built the well-known “Nuraghi”, megalithic dwellings typical of the archaeological landscape of Sardinia.

Description

Male (statements given within square brackets refer to paratypes):

Colour: Head black; frontal vitta, gena, first and second antennal segment reddish brown, palpus yellow. Thorax black, halter reddish. Tegula brown, basicosta red- dish. Legs yellow except black tarsi; fore femur darkened along its whole length dor-

CERRETTI & TSCHORSNIG, NEW SIPHONA OF SARDINIA AND MOROCCO 3

En

we N he

ath

Fr 4 BEL DS

Figs. 1-2. Heads of Siphona nuragica n.sp.-1. 3.2. ?.- Scale: 0.5 mm.

sally, mid and hind femora slightly darkened posterodorsally. Abdomen entirely dark in dorsal view, lateroventral sides of syntergite 1+2 and tergite 3 and ventral margin of tergite 4 reddish.

Pruinescence: Thorax in posterodorsal view with three dark vittae (between rows of acrostichal bristles and rows of dorsocentral and intra-alar bristles). Pruinescence of the abdominal tergites darker posteriorly, especially around the bases of the brist- les.

Head (Fig. 1): Face 1.6 [1.55] times length of the frons. Parafacial at midlength, when seen in profile, about !/4 [1/4-1/3] of third antennal segment in width, with 4-6 [6-8] weak setulae below the lowest frontal bristle, not reaching the lower half of parafacial. Third antennal segment subrectangular, widest in middle, 1.1 times as wi- de as maximum width of fore femur, 4.4 [4.0-4.5] times as long as second antennal segment, 1.6 [1.4-1.7] times as long as the frons. Second aristomere 1.5 [1.4] times as long as second antennal segment, third aristomere thickened on its basal 1/4-2/5. Gena, when seen in profile, 0.35 [0.40] of vertical diameter of eye. Prementum 0.9 [0.85-1.0] times head height. Palpus 0.7 [0.7-0.8] of third antennal segment in length, with 1-3 setulae below, at its tip with the usual fine hairs.

Thorax: Prosternum with a pair of small setulae. Presutural intra-alar bristle pre- sent, strong [weak]. Three postsutural dorsocentral bristles.

Wing: Base of R445 with 6 [5-7] setulae.

Legs: Fore femur with 4-5 [3-6] posteroventral setae. Mid tibia with anterior preapical seta. Claws about half as long as fifth tarsal segment.

Abdomen: Syntergite 1+2 with strong lateral marginal bristles, without median

4 STUTTGARTER BEITRAGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 704

Figs. 3-5. Male terminalia of Siphona nuragica n. sp. 3. Epandrial complex, hypandrium, go- nites and aeadeagus in lateral view. 4. Epandrium, cerci and surstyli in posterior view. 5. Ster- nite 5 in ventral view. Scale: 0.1 mm.

marginal bristles. Tergite 3 with 4 strong marginal bristles and a small additional bristle inserted next to the lateral bristle.

Postabdomen: Sternite 5 (Fig.5) strongly upcurved. Cerci in lateral view (Fig. 3) more or less straight, slightly hooked distally; in posterior view (Fig.4) long and slender. Surstylus in lateral view (Fig. 3) distally slightly bent posteriorly. Postgoni- te (Fig. 3) sub-rectangular. Pregonite (Fig.3) bare, sub-triangular. Aedeagus (Fig. 3): basiphallus less sclerotized than distiphallus, with a well developed basal process; epiphallus not developed; distiphallus relatively long, well sclerotized.

Body length 4.9 [4.4-4.5] mm.

Female, differing from male as follows:

Abdomen entirely dark, also ventrally. Parafacial at midlength, when seen in pro- file, about 3/5 of third antennal segment in width (Fig. 2). Face 1.15-1.30 times length of frons. Third antennal segment 0.7-0.9 times as wide as maximum width of fore fe- mur, 2.5-3.1 times as long as second antennal segment, 1.2-1.3 times as long as frons. Second aristomere as long as second antennal segment. Gena, when seen in profile,

CERRETTI & TSCHORSNIG, NEW SIPHONA OF SARDINIA AND MOROCCO 5

0.35-0.45 times vertical diameter of eye. Palpus 1.1-1.2 times as long as third anten- nal segment, widened apically, nearly bare at tip.

3 Description of Siphona maroccana n.sp.

Material

Holotype (8). Morocco, Haut Atlas, Asif Mellah, W Tizi-n-Tichka, 19.III.1997, 31°16’N 7°21'W, leg. M. Hauser (SMNS).

Paratypes.3 22, Morocco, Ifrane environs, Forét de Cédres, 33°31'N 05°06’W, 1500 m, yellow pan trap, 29.1V.1999, leg. VRABEC & VRaBcovA (SMNS).

Etymology

The species name is derived from the country where the type material was collected.

ee Le

Figs. 6-7. Heads of Siphona maroccana n. sp. - 6. 3.7. 2.—Scale: 0.5mm.

6 STUTTGARTER BEITRAGE ZUR NATURKUNDE Ser. A, Nr. 704

Male:

Colour: Head black; frontal vitta, gena, first and second antennal segment and palpus yellow. Thorax black, halter yellow. Tegula reddish, basicosta yellow. Legs yellow except black tarsi; fore femur darkened along its whole length dorsally. Ab- domen entirely dark, also ventrally.

Pruinescence: Dorsum of thorax without dark vittae. Pruinescence of the abdo- minal tergites darker around the bases of the bristles.

Head: Face 1,6 times length of the frons. Parafacial at midlength, when seen in profile, 3/5 of third antennal segment in width, with 10-12 setulae, the lowermost stronger, descending slightly below upper half (Fig. 6). Third antennal segment sub- rectangular, widest in middle, 0.9 times as wide as maximum width of fore femur, 4.1 times as long as second antennal segment, 1.5 times as long as the frons. Second aristomere 1.4 times as long as second antennal segment, third aristomere thickened on about its basal 2/5. Gena, when seen in profile, 0.4 of vertical diameter of eye. Pre- mentum 0.8 times head height. Palpus 0.8 of third antennal segment in length, at its tip with the usual fine hairs.

Thorax: Prosternum with a pair of small setulae. Presutural intra-alar bristle pre- sent. Three postsutural dorsocentral bristles.

Wing: Base of Ry;5 with 6 setulae.

Legs: Fore femur with 5-7 posteroventral setae. Mid tibia with anterior preapical seta. Claws about as long as 0.8 of fifth tarsal segment.

Abdomen: Syntergite 1+2 with strong lateral marginal bristles, without median marginal bristles. Tergite 3 with 4 strong marginal bristles.

Postabdomen: not dissected (see introduction).

Body length 4.7 mm.

Female, differing from male as follows:

Mid and hind femora slightly darkened posterodorsally (hind legs and most of mid legs missing in the male). Face 1.2-1.4 times length of the frons. Paratfacial at midlength, when seen in profile, 4/s—!/1 of third antennal segment in width (Fig. 7). Third antennal segment 0.7 times as wide as maximum width of fore femur, 3.1- 3.3 times as long as second antennal segment, 1.2-1.3 times as long as the frons. Se- cond aristomere 1.0-1.3 times as long as second antennal segment. Gena, when seen in profile, 0.5-0.6 of vertical diameter of eye. Prementum not fully visible, its esti- mated length 0.7 times head height. Palpus slightly wider apically than in male (length cannot be measured because the palpus is not fully visible). Prosternum bare or with a pair of small setulae. Claws about half as long as fifth tarsal segment. Body length 3.8-4.4 mm (longer in life, because the females were dried from alcohol and are not in a natural position).

4 Differential diagnosis

The two newly described species can be separated from each other and from other

West Palaearctic species of Siphona as follows:

1 Parafacial, when seen in profile, at its narrowest point at most as wide as 2/s of the second antennal segment at its end. Gena, when seen in profile, up to 0.3 of vertical diameter of eye; if up to 0.5 (some S. ingerae and S. hungarica) then claws of males about as long as fifth tatsalsesment- m time a en, other West Palaearctic species of Siphona

CERRETTI & TSCHORSNIG, NEW SIPHONA OF SARDINIA AND MOROCCO 7

Parafacial wide, at its narrowest point 3/5—!/; as wide as the second antennal segment at its end (Figs. 1-2, 6-7). Gena 0.35-0.60 of vertical diameter of eye. Male claws shorter as fifth tarsalseementär ruhen oan tian ab) make his Oe kia ee amen” eek Cee hy eee eee ee ae LO nr 2

2 Parafacial, when seen in profile, 1/4-1/3 of third antennal segment in male (Fig. 1), about 3/5 in female (Fig. 2), with 4-8 weak setulae below the lowest frontal bristle, not reaching lo- wer half of parafacial. Second antennal segment brown or reddish. Prementum 0.9-1.0 ti- mes head height. Dorsum of thorax in posterodorsal view with three dark vittae. Pruines- cence of abdominal tergites darker posteriorly. Male: Claws about half as long as fifth tar- sal segment; lateroventral sides of tergites 2 and 3 reddish. ...... Siphona nuragica n. sp.

Parafacial, when seen in profile, 3/5 of third antennal segment in male (Fig.6), 4/s—!/1 in female (Fig. 7), with 10-12 setulae, the lowermost stronger, descending slightly below up- per half. Second antennal segment yellow. Prementum shorter, 0.7-0.8 times head height. Dorsum of thorax without dark vittae. Pruinescence of the abdominal tergites darker only around the bases of the bristles. - Male: Claws about as long as 0.8 of fifth tarsal segment; abdomen entirely dark... a... Siphona maroccana n. sp.

5 References

ANDERSEN, S. (1982): Revision of European species of Siphona Meigen (Diptera: Tachinidae). Entomologica scandinavica 13: 149-172.

ANDERSEN, S. (1996): The Siphonini (Diptera: Tachinidae) of Europe. Fauna entomologica scandinavica 33: 148 pp.

O’Hara, J. E. (1982): Classification, phylogeny and zoogeography of the North American species of Siphona Meigen (Diptera: Tachinidae). - Quaestiones entomologicae 18: 261-380.

Mason, F., CERRETTI, P., NARDI, G., WHITMORE, D., BIRTELE, D., HARDERSEN, S. & GATTI, E. (2006): Aspects of biological diversity in the CONECOFOR plots. IV. The Inverte- brateBiodiv pilot project. In: Ferretti, M., PETRICCIONE, B., BussoTT1, F. & FABB1o, G. (eds.): Aspects of biodiversity in selected forest ecosystems in Italy: status and chan- ges over the period 1996-2003. Third report of the task force on integrated and combi- ned (I&C) evaluation of the CONECOFOR programme. Annali Istituto Sperimen- tale per la Selvicoltura 30, Supplemento 2: 51-70.

TscHorsnic, H.-P. & Hertine, B. (1994): Die Raupenfliegen (Diptera: Tachinidae) Mittel- europas: Bestimmungstabellen und Angaben zur Verbreitung und Okologie der einzel- nen Arten. Stuttgarter Beitrage zur Naturkunde, Serie A (Biologie) 506: 170 S.

Authors’ addresses:

Dr. PierFILIPPO CERRETTI, Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell’Uomo, Universita di Roma “La Sapienza”, Viale dell’Universita 32, 00185 Roma, Italy;

e-mail: pierfilippocerretti@yahoo.it

Dr. Hans-Peter TscHorsnic, Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Rosenstein 1, 70191 Stuttgart, Germany; e-mail: tschorsnig.smns@naturkundemuseum-bw.de

Manuscript received: 25.VII.2006, accepted: 27.XI.2006.

ISSN 0341-0145

Autoren-Richtlinien: http://www.naturkundemuseum-bw.de/stuttgart/schriften Schriftleitung: Dr. Hans-Peter Tschorsnig, Rosenstein 1, 70191 Stuttgart Gesamtherstellung: Gulde-Druck, 72072 Tubingen